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I . Culture

This word can be used in one of two ways. When used uncapitalized, the intent is the normal dictionary meaning: "the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc.;" "development or improvement of the mind by education or training;" "the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group;" "the sum total of ways of living built up by a group of human beings and transmitted from one generation to another." When used capitalized, the intent is the distinct definition intended by Spengler, who intended the word Culture to denote the mastery of the cultural "soul" over the affairs of men, which mastery would occur during the beginning times (cultural growth stages) of any particular civilized people; as specifically contrasted with the word Civilization which would denote the mastery of the intellect over the affairs of men, which mastery would occur during the "end times" (cultural decay stages) of any civilized people.


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