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I . Spengler's "Second Religiousness" Has Appeared

I have commented at various points39 about the fact that the "Born-Again Christian" movement appears to fulfill Spengler's prediction of the rise of a "Second Religiousness" in the masses of the population. In his own time, Spengler did not find any religious group which he felt would fulfill that prediction. "Born-Again Christians" first appeared on the scene in early to middle 1960's, and at first appeared to be more of a Bible-study group, and a little later, an evangelical group in a fairly classical mode (i.e., the Billy Graham Crusades). However, such an assessment grossly underestimated both the power and the reach of the movement, and I believe that it is now safe to say this power is drawn from the underlying needs of the masses which Spengler asserts drive towards the "Second Religiousness." Let us first look at what Spengler said:

One cautionary note which I must add to my observation that "Born-Again Christians" appear to fulfill Spengler's prediction is the apparent widespread existence of "numberless charlatans and fake prophets" as leaders of certain well-known Charismatic Christian movements. Names like Jim Bakker, Oral Roberts, and Jimmy Swaggart leap immediately to mind. None of those would survive an honest inspection for "a deep piety that fills the waking-consciousness."
And I have personally met far too many "Born-Again Christians" who would not hesitate to commit some victimization of their fellow humans. Such people cannot actually possess that kind of piety. Instead, their "Born-Again Christianity" is mere "mock-religion shallow and dishonest. But the fact that the latter is possible at all foreshadows a new and genuine spirit of seeking that declares itself, first quietly, but soon emphatically and openly, in the civilized waking-consciousness." While many adherents see their "Born-Again" status as an excuse to commit whatever sins they wish, so long as they are able to make it to church next Sunday, perhaps their children will be honest and faithful believers in "Born-Again Christianity" as an enjoyable and ultimately worthwhile religious experience.
Perhaps the conclusion should be that the "Born-Again Christians" are now too reliant upon conversions to fill their ranks; thus both the leaders and the faithful are too likely to represent people who do not honestly hold the views that they espouse. Perhaps when another generation, or two or three, takes over the leadership and promotes the kind of honest and spiritual belief of which so many of the current members are capable, then will "Born-Again Christianity" represent the true "Second Religiousness." Only time will tell, and time will also tell if we get ourselves a Cęsar-figure at about that same time.

39 Specifically, see Book II, Section H.

40 Callimachus (b. about 305 b. c.; d. about 240 b. c.) was appointed as cataloger of the Royal Library in Alexandria by King Ptolemy Philadelphus of Egypt. He was also an accomplished poet and scholar. One important poem was the "Aetia" (or "Causes," written about 270 b. c.), explaining the legendary origin of obscure customs, festivals, and names.

41 Spengler's footnote at this point remarks that such closing "was ordered no less than four times in the decade 58-49." That decade was just prior to the three year war begun by Julius Cęsar which ended with his military, political, and economic conquest of the entire Roman Empire.

42 One might very well argue that Astrology is, today, a fashion, in that the newspapers and other media outlets present it as entertainment.

43 More recently, we have the Indian gurus, including the Maharishi Yogi, who led the Beatles down a path towards filling his coffers with gold.

44 From my viewpoint, roughly three generations later, it appears to me to be here, and it also appears to me to be fostering the movement (currently known as "The Christian Coalition") which has the best potential for producing the Cęsar-figure of our future.

45 Spengler's footnote at this point states: "It is perhaps possible for us to make some guess already as to these forms, which . . . must lead back to certain elements of Gothic Christianity. But be this as it may, what is quite certain is that they will not be the product of any literary taste for Late-Indian or Late-Chinese speculation, but something of the type, for example, of Adventism and suchlike sects." Yes, indeed. And "Born-Again Christianity" fits this description to a tee.

46 In particular, Darwinism is under continued attack from "Born-Again Christians" and their fellow travelers. This is also properly part of an anti-scientific movement in the population at large, which is yet another trend which tends to confirm the overall thesis.

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